Upsc Curent Affairs 21 July 2023: Daily Current Affairs and Instant Quiz

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Daily Current Affairs and Instant Quiz
(Image Source: Google| Image By – Jagaran Tv) Daily Current Affairs and Instant Quiz

1) Relation to Upsc Syllabus – GS 3: Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has hit 51% mark

Details: The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a flagship program of the Indian government launched in 2019 with the aim of providing tap water connections to all rural households in the country. The recent news highlights that the mission has achieved the milestone of providing tap water connections to 51% of rural households.

Key Points about Jal Jeevan Mission:

Objective: The primary objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission is to ensure access to safe and potable drinking water to every rural household. The mission aims to improve the quality of life in rural areas by reducing water-borne diseases and enhancing overall sanitation.

Water Source Management: The JJM focuses on the sustainable management of water sources such as groundwater, wells, springs, and rainwater harvesting structures. It encourages local community involvement and ownership to ensure the long-term sustainability of water supply schemes.

Infrastructure Development: The mission involves the creation of infrastructure for the supply of tap water, including the construction and augmentation of water supply schemes, water treatment plants, and storage tanks at the village level.

Convergence and Funding: The Jal Jeevan Mission operates on a convergence model, leveraging funds from various sources, including the Union Government, State Governments, and local contributions. It aims to ensure optimal utilization of available funds for effective implementation.

Priority to Vulnerable Areas: The mission prioritizes areas facing water scarcity and those with a history of water-related issues. It focuses on regions with high concentrations of marginalized communities and emphasizes inclusivity in providing water access.

Community Participation: The success of the Jal Jeevan Mission relies on active community participation and ownership. Local communities are encouraged to take part in planning, implementation, and maintenance of water supply systems, leading to sustainable outcomes.

2) Relation to Upsc Syllabus – GS 3: Central Bank Digital Currency

Details: Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) is a form of digital currency issued directly by the central bank of a country. In recent times, various central banks across the world, including the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), have been exploring the potential implementation of CBDC.

Key Points about Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC):

Digital Innovation: CBDC represents a technological innovation in the financial sector. Unlike cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, CBDC is issued and regulated by a central authority, providing the advantages of digital transactions while retaining the stability and backing of traditional fiat currency.

Enhancing Financial Inclusion: CBDC has the potential to improve financial inclusion by providing a secure and efficient digital payment system accessible to all, including those without traditional banking facilities.

Monetary Policy Implications: The introduction of CBDC could have significant implications for monetary policy. Central banks would need to strike a balance between promoting digital payments and maintaining control over the money supply and inflation.

Financial Stability: CBDC could enhance the stability of the financial system by reducing the reliance on intermediaries and enhancing transparency in transactions, thereby mitigating risks related to money laundering and illicit activities.

Cross-Border Payments: CBDC could streamline cross-border payments, making international transactions faster and more cost-effective.

Privacy and Security: The implementation of CBDC raises concerns about data privacy and cybersecurity. It would be crucial for central banks to ensure robust security measures to safeguard users’ financial information.

3) Relation to Upsc Syllabus – GS 3: Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) violence came down

Details: Left-Wing Extremism (LWE), also known as Naxalism or Maoism, has been a longstanding security challenge for India, particularly in certain regions affected by insurgent activities. The recent news reports a decline in LWE-related violence.

Key Points about Left-Wing Extremism (LWE):

Background: LWE is an ideology-driven movement seeking to overthrow the established socio-economic and political systems through armed struggle. It originated in the late 1960s and has since posed a threat to India’s internal security.

Affected States: LWE violence has been prevalent in certain states like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Bihar, and Andhra Pradesh, where extremist groups have established their presence and carried out attacks against security forces and civilians.

Government Response: The government has adopted a two-pronged approach to address LWE – a security-centric approach involving counter-insurgency operations by security forces and a development-centric approach aiming at socio-economic upliftment in affected areas.

Surrender and Rehabilitation: The government has encouraged LWE cadres to surrender and join the mainstream by offering rehabilitation and reintegration programs. This approach aims to weaken the extremist movement by convincing individuals to abandon violence.

Community Engagement: Community engagement and the involvement of local stakeholders are crucial in countering LWE. Development initiatives, along with building trust and cooperation between communities and security forces, are vital to erode support for extremist groups.

Use of Technology: The use of modern technology, such as drones, communication networks, and data analytics, has aided security forces in gathering intelligence and conducting targeted operations against LWE groups.

The decline in LWE violence is a positive development that indicates the effectiveness of the government’s multifaceted approach. However, continued efforts are required to consolidate gains and address underlying issues that fuel extremism in affected regions.

4) Relation to Upsc Syllabus – GS 2: Henley Passport Index 2023

Details: The Henley Passport Index is an annual ranking that assesses the strength of passports based on the number of countries their holders can visit visa-free or with visa-on-arrival access.

Key Points about Henley Passport Index 2023:

Passport Rankings: The Henley Passport Index ranks passports based on the number of countries their holders can access without requiring a visa. The higher the rank, the more powerful the passport in terms of visa-free travel.

Global Mobility: The index highlights the concept of global mobility, indicating how easily a passport holder can travel across borders for tourism, business, or other purposes without visa-related constraints.

Diplomatic Relations: Passport rankings also reflect the diplomatic relations and international standing of a country. Countries with stronger diplomatic ties often enjoy higher visa-free access for their passport holders.

Citizenship-by-Investment Programs: Some countries offer citizenship or residency to foreign nationals through investment schemes. This can lead to changes in passport rankings, as new citizens may gain access to additional visa-free destinations.

Impact on Travel and Business: The Henley Passport Index is a valuable tool for travelers, businesses, and governments to understand the travel privileges associated with different passports. It can influence travel decisions and global business strategies.

Soft Power: Passport strength contributes to a country’s soft power, enhancing its reputation and attractiveness on the global stage.

The Henley Passport Index 2023 provides valuable insights into the freedom of movement enjoyed by citizens of different countries. It is a significant indicator of a country’s global engagement and international relations.

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