“What Is the One Nation One Election Bill, Change in Election Procedures? Ram Nath Kovind to Head Committee”

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What Is the One Nation One Election Bill
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What Is the One Nation One Election Bill?

There has long been a demand in our country for elections, whether they be Lok Sabha elections or state assembly elections, to be held simultaneously. It appears that the ruling government has finally heard the voice of the people.

According to some reports, the central government has formed a committee to explore the possibilities of “One Nation One Election.” Interestingly, this committee will be chaired by the former president, Ram Nath Kovind.

Recently, the government has called for a special session of parliament to take place between September 18th and 22nd. Parliamentary Working Minister Prahalad Joshi announced that this would be the 13th session of the 17th Lok Sabha, consisting of a total of 5 meetings.

Agendas for all 5 meetings:

1. 33% Reservation for Women in Parliament
2. Proposal of a Uniform Civil Code in the House
3. Replacement of the Old Parliament House with a Newly Built one
4. Proposal to synchronize Lok Sabha and state assembly elections
5. Provision and discussion on Reservation

Despite these 5 agendas, the centerpiece of discussion will be the proposal for the One Nation One Election initiative.

But will this be the first time in India that elections are held simultaneously?

The answer is no. There have been instances in our country when elections were held simultaneously. In the Lok Sabha elections of 1952, 1957, 1962, and 1967, the state assembly elections were held concurrently. However, this practice was later discontinued for various reasons.

Why the sudden push for this initiative?

For a long time, many parliamentarians and committees had recommended changes to implement the One Nation One Election concept. Prime Minister Modi himself has advocated for it, emphasizing that it is a necessity for our country. He believes that this change will further strengthen our democracy.

Former President Ram Nath Kovind also supported the idea of synchronizing Lok Sabha and state assembly elections. In 2018, he stated, “Frequent elections not only impose a huge burden on human resources but also impede the development process due to the promulgation of the model code of conduct.”

The Law Commission of India, in its 170th report on the reform of electoral laws, also supported the proposal, stating, “We must go back to the situation where elections to Lok Sabha and all the Legislative Assemblies are held at once.”

NITI Aayog has also backed the idea of conducting elections simultaneously for better policy-making and smoother governance.

Is it needed?

As PM Modi stated, it is the need of the time. A report from NITI Aayog claimed that in the last 30 years, there hasn’t been a single instance where an election was not being held in any state or Lok Sabha. Additionally, the upcoming elections in various states make it a suitable time for implementing this new policy.

Upcoming Elections in States (Tenure Ending):

– Mizoram: Dec 2023
– Chhattisgarh: Jan 2024
– Madhya Pradesh: Jan 2024
– Rajasthan: Jan 2024
– Telangana: Jan 2024
– Andhra Pradesh: June 2024
– Arunachal Pradesh: June 2024
– Odisha: June 2024
– Sikkim: June 2024
– Haryana: November 2024
– Maharashtra: November 2024
– Jharkhand: January 2025
– Delhi: February 2025
– Bihar: November 2025
– Assam: May 2026
– Kerala: May 2026
– Tamil Nadu: May 2026
– West Bengal: May 2026
– Puducherry: June 2026
– Goa: March 2027
– Manipur: March 2027
– Punjab: March 2027
– Uttarakhand: March 2027
– Uttar Pradesh: May 2027
– Gujarat: December 2027
– Himachal Pradesh: Dec 2027
– Meghalaya: March 2028
– Nagaland: March 2028
– Tripura: March 2028
– Karnataka: May 2028

After the state assembly elections, the General Lok Sabha Election will take place in May-June 2024.

Elections every year in the country pose significant challenges. They lead to massive expenditures and require the deployment of manpower, including military personnel, teachers, and government employees for election duties, which often leads to delays in other projects. Furthermore, development projects frequently get postponed during elections for various reasons. Thus, it is evident that the election process in our country needs certain reforms.

one nation one election advantages and disadvantages:

It is evident that there would be many challenges. Firstly, managing such massive elections in a country as vast as India would be a great difficulty. It would require a substantial expenditure, manpower, and resources. The Election Commission of India (ECI) would need a large number of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) machines to conduct such a massive election across the country. Another challenge would be how the central government would manage elections occurring in all states simultaneously, given that the tenure of every state assembly varies. Therefore, it will be intriguing to see how the government tackles this situation.

What does the opposition say about this?

The opposition strongly condemned the government’s decision to form a committee, questioning why the government suddenly needed the One Nation One Election policy. They demanded an explanation for the rationale behind this sudden decision. However, Shivasena’s Sanjay Raut claimed that the current government is afraid of the INDIA Alliance and brought forth the proposal as a distraction. Opposition parties also criticized the government’s plan to start a special session of parliament suddenly.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about One Nation One Election Bill

What is the One Nation One Election Bill?

The One Nation One Election Bill is a proposed legislation aimed at synchronizing the timing of Lok Sabha (national) and state assembly elections in India.

Why is there a need for One Nation One Election?

One Nation One Election aims to reduce the frequency of elections, save costs, and streamline governance by conducting both national and state elections simultaneously.

What is the current election schedule in India?

Currently, elections are held at different times for Lok Sabha and state assemblies, resulting in frequent electoral cycles.

How will One Nation One Election benefit India?

It is expected to save significant resources, minimize disruption to governance, and enable better long-term planning.

Has One Nation One Election been implemented before in India?

Yes, it was practiced in the early years of independent India but was discontinued due to various reasons.

Who supports the One Nation One Election concept?

Leaders like PM Narendra Modi, former President Ram Nath Kovind, various political parties, and governmental bodies like NITI Aayog have expressed support.

What are the challenges in implementing One Nation One Election?

Challenges include logistical issues, constitutional amendments, and coordinating elections across diverse states.

Will states lose their autonomy with synchronized elections?

No, states will retain their autonomy, but elections will be scheduled to align with national elections.

How will the Election Commission manage the workload?

The Election Commission will need to prepare and deploy more Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) machines.

Will this bill require constitutional amendments?

Yes, certain constitutional amendments may be necessary to facilitate the synchronization of elections.

What is the proposed timeline for implementing One Nation One Election?

The timeline is not fixed, and it will depend on parliamentary approval and logistical preparations.

How will the proposal affect the term lengths of state governments?

The terms of state governments will remain the same; only the timing of elections will change.

Will this affect regional parties in India?

It may impact the strategies of regional parties, as they will need to align with the synchronized election schedule.

What are the potential benefits for voters?

Voters will experience fewer disruptions due to elections, leading to better governance continuity.

How will this bill impact political campaigning?

Parties may need to adjust their campaigning strategies, focusing on both national and state issues simultaneously.

Can the bill be implemented without unanimous consent from all states?

It is preferable to have consensus among states, but it may be implemented even if some states do not agree.

What happens if elections in some states are not synchronized immediately?

States may transition to synchronized elections gradually as per their terms.

Will simultaneous elections lead to a decline in voter turnout?

The impact on voter turnout is uncertain; it may depend on various factors.

What is the role of the President in this process?

The President’s assent may be required for constitutional amendments related to this bill.

Will this bill affect local or municipal elections?

The focus of this bill is on national and state elections; local elections are generally conducted separately.

What happens in case of a mid-term dissolution of a state government?

Contingency plans will need to be established to address such situations.

How will the media cover simultaneous elections?

Media organizations will need to adapt to the new election schedule and coverage requirements.

What will be the impact on political parties’ funding and expenditure?

Parties may need to manage their finances differently, given the altered election schedule.

Will this bill require special arrangements for election security?

Enhanced security measures may be needed to ensure the safety of polling stations and voters during synchronized elections.

Will the bill affect the functioning of the Election Commission of India?

The Election Commission will need to make logistical adjustments to manage synchronized elections efficiently.

How will the One Nation One Election bill affect the Model Code of Conduct?

The bill may require revisions to the Model Code of Conduct to accommodate synchronized elections.

What is the international precedent for synchronized elections?

Several countries have synchronized national and regional elections, but practices vary.

What role do state governments play in implementing One Nation One Election?

State governments will need to cooperate in adjusting their election schedules to align with the national election cycle.

Will synchronized elections address concerns about election expenses and campaign funding?

Synchronized elections may help reduce the overall cost of elections and influence campaign funding patterns.

What can citizens do to stay informed and engaged in the One Nation One Election process?

Citizens can follow updates on the bill’s progress, engage with political discourse, and participate in discussions on its potential impact.

Read More: One Nation one election bill

Read More: National News

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