“What is the Palestinian Islamic Jihad: Who is Responsible for Bombing on Hospital?”

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The term “Islamic Jihad” refers to a radical extremist organization that is held responsible for attacks on Israel, including a recent severe bombing at a hospital in the Gaza City. Palestinian health officials have accused the Palestinian Islamic Jihad organization of carrying out the attack, but Israel claims that this attack was carried out by them.

This group is the second-largest extremist organization in Gaza after Hamas. They consistently reject any attempts at peaceful negotiations. The organization was founded in 1981 by Fathi Shaqaqi. While they are considered rivals to Hamas, they have also launched several attacks against Israel, sometimes even cooperating with Hamas in the past.

On Tuesday evening, a powerful explosion occurred at the Al-Ahli Arab Hospital in Gaza, resulting in the deaths of at least 500 people. Israel has blamed the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) for this explosion, while several other countries, apart from Hamas, have also held Israel responsible for it.

The Israeli military argues that PIJ’s rocket misfire hit the hospital. The United States has supported Israel’s claims. This story revolves around an organization that has gained widespread attention worldwide – the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, or PIJ.

What is the Palestinian Islamic Jihad?

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second-largest extremist group in Gaza after Hamas. This extremist group is known for its extremely radical stance, and its presence extends beyond Gaza into the West Bank as well.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad categorically rejects any form of political peace negotiations and sees its primary goal as achieving military victory over Israel. The organization believes that “after defeating Israel, Gaza, the West Bank, and Israel will be united to create an Islamic state.”

The formation of the Islamic Jihad movement was inspired by the Egyptian extremist group, the Muslim Brotherhood. In 1981, Fathi Shaqaqi and Abd al-Aziz Awda established the PIJ.

Shaqaqi was born in Rafah, Gaza Strip, a part of Rafah that is adjacent to Egypt. His family had been displaced during the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Both of them received their education in Egypt, where they eventually met. According to reports, during the 1980s, the PIJ was a small network of loosely connected militant cells, comprising only a few hundred members.

However, in 1988, Israeli authorities exiled Shaqaqi to Lebanon, where other PIJ members were later exiled as well. During their exile, they came into contact with Iran’s fighters and Hezbollah, an Iranian-backed militia in Lebanon. PIJ members began to receive training from Hezbollah and eventually formed a strong armed group known as the Al-Quds Brigade.

In 1990, Hamas launched its first attacks on civilians. Prior to that, during the 1980s, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad had carried out some attacks on Israel and claimed responsibility for them.

The PIJ went on to carry out multiple attacks against Israel, with the deadliest occurring in 1995 when their bombing resulted in the deaths of 21 Israeli soldiers and one civilian.

In terms of funding, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad receives assistance from Iran and Hezbollah, a Lebanese extremist group that is known for its close association with Iran. However, not everyone agrees with this assessment. Some believe that if Hamas, which is supported by Iran, sees the PIJ as its rival, it is unlikely to provide support to its adversary. If the PIJ receives assistance from Iran, it would be stronger, like Hamas. So, there is a difference of opinion on the extent of Iranian support.

The PIJ also seeks support from the general population. If a charitable organization or an Islamic group receives funding, they try to tap into it. They receive some limited support from Egypt, but it is not enough.

The headquarters of the PIJ is located in Damascus, Syria, where its current leader, Ziyad al-Nakhalah, resides. They also have an office in Tehran, Iran.

In conclusion, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is a radical extremist organization operating primarily in Gaza and the West Bank. They reject peaceful negotiations and aim to achieve military victory over Israel. They have a complex history and have received varying levels of support from Iran and other sources.

Read More: Israel Palestine Conflict

Read More: International Affairs

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22 thoughts on ““What is the Palestinian Islamic Jihad: Who is Responsible for Bombing on Hospital?””

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